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Olli-Pekka Hilmola, LUT, 2014

Security Improvement Potential of Rail Baltica Investment

Rail Baltica alignment has potential to increase the security and safety in the alignment area. This in substantial sense – transportation logistics and passenger transport is tied upon road transport and has grown a lot during previous decades. Rail Baltica implementation will also enforce Baltic States and Poland to implement modern and standardized railway management,
communication and control systems such as ERTMS and GSM-R.


RBGC WP6 report – Logistics Pilot


This Final Report summarizes the research carried out in WP6 under the Rail Baltica Growth Corridor (RGBC) Project. The research investigates the nominated logistics areas in order to select a pilot logistics team for the preparation of a possible partnership model. The opinions of the terminal and logistics operators on the development of partnership are discovered in this research. 


VBB: Connectivity Pilot Report, 2013

Marketing concept for extension of transnational travel information system

The Rail Baltica Growth Corridor Travel Information Network (RBGC TIN) is not an end in itself. It shall have a direct benefit for the customers and the providers of travel planning services. In the end the extended services based on TIN shall help to promote usage of public transport by showing the easy accessibility of regions by public transport. Referring to the former milestone Catalogue of Existing Travel Information Systems it can be found that the field of currently available travel planning services in the Baltic Sea region is quite heterogeneous. So an overall marketing concept has to take into account several different prerequisites.


VBB: Connectivity Pilot Report / Working Package Milestone Output, 2013

Feasibility study for integrating Helsinki and the Baltic States to the RB Travel Information system

The Rail Baltica Growth Corridor Travel Information Network (RBGC TIN) will have the more benefits for custumers the more it contains information about public transport in all countries around the Baltic Sea. That’s why the general aim of RBGC and especially of WP5 Connecntivity Pilot is to integrate travel information services of all countries and regions along the Rail Baltica. The general conditions for such an integration work differ from country to country. The previous work of collecting information on these basic conditions for the Catalogue Of Existing Travel Information Systems gave a first impression how different the situation can be. Based on this information the following feasibility study was conducted to evaluate the possibilities for integrating Helsinki and the Baltic States into RBGC TIN.


Jorma Härkönen, LIMOWA, Finland 2013

WP6 LOGISTICS PILOT expert group final report

In the WP6 work the most important target is to make an analysis and nomination of key nodal points for intermodal freight traffic on RBGC. Based on gathered survey results the task was to make a proposal for the Pilot Logistics nodal points for the next stage development. It was decided to have one person from five countries in the Expert Group. The person involved were expected to have a wide experience and credibilty in the field of logistics in their native countries.


City of Kaunas: prepared by UAB Nacionalinių projektų rengimas & UAB Kelprojektas (2013)

Development of Kaunas Public Logistics Centre (PLC) and infrastructure in the area under its influence

The feasibility study for Kaunas Public Logistics Centre (PLC ) and infrastructure within its area of influence is an information tool in developing the concept of cooperation and joint actions between the pilot logistics centres on the Rail Baltica route. The study is drafted as part of RBGC Work Package 6 aiming to harmonise the services of logistics centres operating in the Rail Baltica region and to define the requirements for their interoperability.


Antti Meriläinen, Marko Mäenpää, Sonja Aarnio and John McDaniel (2013)

Strategic transport nodes and links in the Baltic Sea area

This study is part of Work Package 5 of the Bothnian Green Logistics Corridor project, which deals with economic impacts of infrastructure on regional and industrial growth. There are a number of nodes and terminal areas along the corridor, which can be identified as strategic hubs. The first phase of Activity 5.1 of the Work Package is set to launch processes to identify and classify the strategic logistical nodes. This will be followed by phase 2, which deals with the future potential of the nodes and the nodal network of the Bothnian Green Logistics Corridor.

The Steering Group of this study included the following representatives from the BGLC and RBGC projects.


Marina Karamysheva, Ville Henttu and Olli-Pekka Hilmola (2013)

Logistics of North-West Russia and Rail Baltica:Standpoints of Private Sector

The main aims of the present report are to describe the current state of railway transport in Russia, and to gather standpoints of Russian private transportation logistics sector towards the development of new railway connection called Rail Baltica Growth Corridor, connecting North-West Russia with Germany through the Baltic States and Poland.

North-West Russia plays important role not only in Russian logistics, but also wider
European markets as in container sea ports handling is approx. 2.5 mill. TEU p.a. and
handling volume in all terminals is above 190 million tons p.a.


City of Warsaw; prepared by Michał Beim, PhD, Jakub Majewski, PhD (2012)

Rail Baltica Growth Corridor Work Package 4 Final Report

This report summarizes the research findings under Work Package 4 - Travel and Logistics Service Development and Demand – in RBGC project. The objective of Work Package 4 was to identify the crucial agents in private passenger and freight transport within the Eastern Baltic Sea Region, and to assess their growth prospects against the transport network in this area, with particular attention to the Rail Baltica railway.

The report findings indicate that rail systems could play a much more important role in the Rail Baltica corridor than they do nowadays. The rise in railway’s prominence is conditional on the provision of cost-attractive services and quality infrastructure to guarantee short travelling times, high safety levels in respect of freight and passenger transport, and also service reliability.

The WP 4 Final Report draws from two previous reports commissioned under the Rail Baltica Growth Corridor project.

- “Private transport market stakeholders in the area of Rail Baltica”, produced in December 2011 by EU-CONSULT Sp. z o.o. and the Lappeenranta University of Technology

- “The functioning of the transport market and new solutions proposed under the RBGC Project”, produced in November 2012 by the “INDICATOR” Centre for Market Research.


City of Warsaw, prepared by “ INDICATOR”, Centre of Marketing Research (2012)

The operation of the transport market and the new solutions recommended under the RBGC project

The primary objective of this study was to shed light on the current and prospective interest in, potential of, expectations towards, and market behavior of private businesses in regard to the Rail Baltica link within the six countries covered by Rail Baltica corridor. The study involved quantitative analysis carried out via Computer-Assisted Web Interview (CAWI). The sample covered companies whose operations focused on one of the following business sectors: passenger service operators, freight service operators, freight service recipients and logistics centre operators and developers. The qualitative findings produced by the CAWI were complemented with spontaneous statements made by the respondents in relation to the RBGC project.


Martin Heiland, Grit Kämmerer, Simone Fejér (2012)
Shifting Road- to Railway-Transport in the Region of Ludwigsfelde

The aim of the study was to support the shift of transports from road to rail, especially in the area of the city of Ludwigsfelde and in connection to the RBGC project.

The research has shown that the already partly used economic potential can be improved further by increasing cooperation of the locations. In specific common marketing activities like fairs / workshops or business material under keeping the identity of each location have been suggested to show the “standing together” in the region. Common strengthens like the high quality infrastructure connection or synergies, reasoned by the close company distances, shall be pointed out.


Olli-Pekka Hilmola (2012)
Competing Transportation Chains in Helsinki-Tallinn Route: Multi-Dimensional Evaluation

The purpose of this research is to sketch some multi-dimensional evaluation from the alternatives of Helsinki-Tallinn general cargo transportation flows. In the near future, a very strict sulphur oxide emission regulation will come into effect, and some sort of payment system will be developed for the CO2 emissions of sea transports. Together with increasing price of oil, this will considerably change transportation chains within Baltic Sea area and will increase the importance of very short sea shipping alternatives e.g. from Finland. Future solutions are hardly the same as before – business decisions are increasingly based on ecologic-economic tightly coupled relationship.


Martin Heiland, Grit Kämmerer, Mareen Winter (2012)
INIS − International Node Information System for the Rail Baltica Growth Corridor

The transport within the Rail Baltica corridor is dominated by truck. By using an information system shifting of freight transport from road to rail can be supported. The Ministry of Infrastructure and Agriculture Brandenburg (MIL) in Germany published an internet portal enabling a search for transshipment points in Brandenburg, developed by IPG. The so-called internet based “Intermodal Node Information System – INIS” offers users in economy, politics and administration a comprehensive overview of the access to the railway system via transshipment points. Within the EU Project “Rail Baltica Growth Corridor” the existing intermodal node information system is going to be extended to the area of Rail Baltica in Germany, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Finland.


City of Warsaw, prepared by „EU-CONSULT” Sp. z o.o. (2011)
Private transport market stakeholders in the area of Rail Baltica

The present study explores the private sector perspectives towards the development of a transport network in the Baltic Sea Region, with a special focus on Rail Baltica. This study, together with the research into the public sector stakeholders, both form an empirical basis for the RBGC project, which strives to improve the conditions for a multimodal transport network in the Baltic Sea Region. The two studies carried out in the RBGC on decision-making processes in public and private sectors both form a pioneering summary about the communication and power relations concerning Rail Baltica in each country. This knowledge will serve to develop a transnational Transport Information Network for passengers as well as to improve the interoper¬ability of logistics centres. In policy-making, the information about decision-making structures will support a series of interregional and transnational roundtables which will be working towards a joint transport strategy for Rail Baltica.


Milla Laisi, Ville Henttu and Olli-Pekka Hilmola (2011)
Enhancing Accessibility of Rail Baltica Influence Area: Standpoints of Public Sector

The research had four main objectives. It examined the public sectors’ viewpoints towards Rail Baltica alignment and evaluated the potential and need for it. Furthermore, the aim was to clarify the overall attitude towards Rail Baltica, and to research the decision-making processes in case countries. The study’s empirical section was conducted in two parts. Firstly, the viewpoints of public sector (including representatives from cities, municipalities, governments, incumbent railway undertakings and associations) were unfolded utilizing semi-structured theme interviews. Interviews were conducted in six different countries: Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Germany. Additionally, several European Union officers were met in order to gain an extensive image of the subject. Secondly, an Internet-based questionnaire was sent to all interviewees. The research provided novel data by unfolding the information, which has not been studied before in Rail Baltica context.


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Turu Uuringute AS (2011)
Survey of people travelling between Tallinn and Helsinki - air passengers

This report was prepared on the basis of the survey carried out among the air passengers travelling via Tallinn Airport from 17 November to 4 December 2011.

The purpose of the survey was to identify:

       - the profile of the people travelling between Tallinn and Helsinki;
       - the purpose for which the passengers travelled and the frequency of trips;
       - the services used in Tallinn and Helsinki; and
       - the information needs of tourists and suitable information channels.


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Sundberg, P., Posti, A. and Tapaninen, U. (2011)
Cargo Traffic on the Helsinki-Tallinn route

This study provides an analysis of transport and cargo flows between Finland and Estonia for regional and local planners.

The main purpose of the study is to clarify the pre-sent situation of the seaborne cargo flows on the Helsinki-Tallinn route and how the cargo flows will develop in the future. The study focuses on the following thematic entities: the Finnish and Estonian seaborne transport system and cargo flows, the structure and volume of the cargo flows on the Helsinki-Tallinn route, the hinterland cargo flows on the Helsinki-Tallinn route and the transport methods used on the Helsinki-Tallinn route.


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Hilmola, O-P. (2011)
Rail Baltica Influence Area: State of Operating Enviroment. Lappeenranta University of Technology

This report is first from Lappeenranta University of Technology, Kouvola Research
Unit for the work package 3 (named as “Accessibility of the City Regions”) of RBGC
project. This work at hand has served during the year 2011 as endless source and
reference as conducting field interviews and case studies in the Rail Baltica influence
area (these field study results are published in the second part of our research report out
of WP3).

Mostly we have concentrated in this work package on public sector decision
makers (cities, municipalities, ministries and European Union).


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AECOM Ltd. (2011)
A Feasibility Study for a standard gauge separate railway line in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania

This report is the output from a feasibility study undertaken to identify the most feasible development option for a standard European gauge (1435mm) line between Marijampole and Tallinn via Kaunas and Riga using a ‘top-down’ transport strategy covering all three Baltic States and an EU – wide rail network rationale. The study focusses on detailed and quantitative analysis of various issues identified for further research within "Feasibility Study on Rail Baltica Railways, January 2007", financed by Directorate-General for Regional Policy.

Executive Summary
Volume I      Volume II     Volume III

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Saranen J., Hilmola O., Laisi M. (2011)
Public Sector Actors' Views on Rail Baltica

Scientific Journal of Riga Technical University - 3. vol. (2011), pp. 77-81.

This manuscript presents initial findings of the research effort, which studies attitudes of the public sector actors in the Baltic States to Rail Baltica. According to the study, cities north to Riga emphasise the importance of connection to the north, while in Lithuania the main benefit is the connection to Warsaw and Berlin. Furthermore, in Estonia, passenger traffic is considered to be more important, while in Lithuania the emphasis is laid on freight.


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Hilmola, O.P. (2011)
Should Czech Republic and Slovakia Have Rail Baltica Strategy?

Quality, Innovation and Prosperity Vol. 15, No. 1, 5-16.

This study discuss, what kind of opportunities the Rail Baltica railway corridor investments could bring for Czech Republic and Slovakia. The research is based on trade flows (import and export) from last decade (2001-2010).

The author has also taken look on railway transportation flows from Slovakia and Czech Republic to Lithuania and Estonia and found that transportation flows are currently extremely small, and have been declining in recent years towards zero.


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Paajanen, M. and Mattila, M. (2011)
Rail Baltica Growth Corridor

Government Gazette October 2011, 35

A modern vision of Rail Baltica connects Helsinki and St. Petersburg via Tallinn, Riga, Kaunas, Warsaw and Berlin by railway. However, to travel this connection today takes twice as much time as it did in year 1935. This decline is due to the inadequate railway network that suffers from outdated railways, un-synchronized timetables, and poor level of service.

Rail Baltica Growth Corridor – an international project co-funded by the Baltic Sea Region Programme – forms a cooperation platform that brings together stakeholders to contribute to a transnational working agenda towards the joint vision of Rail Baltica.


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Paajanen, M. and Mattila, M. (2010)
Rail Baltica Growth Corridor

Railway Market – Central and Eastern European Review 3/2010 (16), 30-31

Rail Baltica is the only railway connection between the three Baltic States to Poland and rest of EU. To the north, the railway is bridged with a ferry connection to Helsinki and the modern and efficient railway network of the Nordic countries.

Rail Baltica and the Northern Arc could ultimately form a continuous connection to the North-Eastern sea passage from Asia to the Barents Sea. From Warsaw Rail Baltica continues through Berlin to the major ports of continental Europe, e.g. Hamburg and Rotterdam.



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Heliste, P., Keinänen, O., Kosonen, R. & Mattila, M. (2009)
Accessibility, logistics and competitiveness of Helsinki Metropolitan Region

Helsinki Quarterly, Kvartti 4/2009. City of Helsinki Urban Facts

Logistics has become increasingly more significant for the competitiveness of Finnish companies operating in international markets. Due to Finland’s location far from the main markets combined with challenging weather conditions in winter time, Finnish companies have to bear considerably higher transportation costs compared to their EU competitors.

This article addresses the challenges related to the changing logistics environment in Finland and in particular Helsinki's metropolitan region.

Malla Paajanen (2012)
Finnish view on Rail Baltica, and how we could seek for win-win scenarios

Rail Baltica: Dream, politics or business? 30.11.2012, Tallinn


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Ulla Tapaninen (2012)
Rail Baltica's Strategic Benefit to Finnish Industry

Logistics Seminar 2012: Rail Baltica. 4.4.2012 Tartu, Estonia


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Hilmola, O.P. (2012)
In Search of Competitive Advantage: How Rail Baltica Freight Corridor Should Be Managed?

Logistics Seminar 2012: Rail Baltica. 4.4.2012 Tartu, Estonia


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Itälahti, M. (2012)
From Berlin to Tallinn by Train in 2011 - A Humanistic Travelogue

Logistics Seminar 2012: Rail Baltica. 4.4.2012 Tartu, Estonia


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Hilmola, O-P., Laisi, M. and Saranen, J. (2011)
Rail Baltica – Current State of Railway Corridor

Proceedings of Annual Engecon Logistics Conference, 14-15.4.2011 St. Petersburg, Russia


Paajanen, M. (2011)
The Rail Baltica Growth Corridor project, from Helsinki to Berlin

Railway Engineering 2011, Paris 16.5.2011

The Rail Baltica Growth Corridor Travel Information Network (RBGC TIN) will have the more benefits for custumers the more it contains information about public transport in all countries around the Baltic Sea. That’s why the general aim of RBGC and especially of WP5 Connecntivity Pilot is to integrate travel information services of all countries and regions along the Rail Baltica. The general conditions for such an integration work differ from country to country. The previous work of collecting information on these basic conditions for the Catalogue Of Existing Travel Information Systems gave a first impression how different the situation can be. Based on this information the following feasibility study was conducted to evaluate the possibilities for integrating Helsinki and the Baltic States into RBGC TIN.